A new coronavirus infection called ‘wuhan pneumonia’ is spreading rapidly. The Chinese National Health and Welfare Commission announced on August 28 that at 9 pm, there were 4629 confirmed cases of Wuhan pneumonia and 106 deaths in 30 provinces nationwide.
The number of confirmed patients increased by 1885 and deaths by 26, compared with the previous day. Of the confirmed patients with Wuhan pneumonia in China, 976 were severe and 60 were discharged after complete recovery. There are 6973 suspected patients.
In addition, there were eight confirmed people in Hong Kong, seven in Macau and seven in Taiwan. Overseas, there are 14 Thais, 7 Japanese and Singapore, 5 US and Australia, 4 Korean and Malaysia, 3 French, 2 Vietnamese, 1 Canadian, Nepal, Germany and Sri Lanka.
With the spread of Pneumonia in Wuhan, the number of patients is expected to peak in the next 7 to 10 days. In this regard, the BBC News, based on the opinions of experts, solved the question about the new coronavirus.
1. How deadly is the new coronavirus?
So far, if there are hundred deaths, the mortality rate is not high compared to the number of patients. more deaths may occur in the future as the disease worsens after death and takes time to die.”
2. Where did the virus come from?
New viruses are constantly being detected. The new virus is introduced into humans by skipping from one species of animal.
Jonathan Bol, a virologist at the University of Nottingham in the UK, said, “If you look at the outbreak of the new virus, the new coronavirus comes from an animal.” Many early corona viruses starts in the seafood market in southern China.
However, as of December 1, last year, when the new coronavirus broke out, it was found to be unrelated to the market.
SARS was transmitted from humans to muskcats, starting with bats. MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) was transmitted directly from dromedary to humans.
3. Which animal spreads the virus?
Identifying the animal from which the virus originated makes it easier to find ways to cope. Marine mammals like the white whales carries the coronavirus, and in southern China’s seafood wholesale market, animals that are likely to be infectious such as chickens, bats, rabbits and snakes are traded.
Scientists believe the new coronavirus may be related to the virus found in Chinese bats. But that doesn’t mean wild bats are the source of the virus. The virus may have been transferred from bats to other animals sold.
4. Why China?
Mark Woolhouse, professor of epidemiology at the University of Edinburgh in the UK, said, “China is more likely to develop new coronaviruses because of its large population, high density and frequent contact with viruses.”
5. How likely is this virus to mutate?
There is a possibility. The new coronavirus can also evolve through mutations. But it’s hard to predict.
China’s National Hygiene and Health Commission warned that the coronavirus has become stronger, but “the risks of the mutation are unclear.” Scientists closely watch for mutations.
6. How can I stop the virus?
The virus does not stop itself. The Chinese authorities who broke out the new virus can fight it. Since there is no vaccine, the only way to date is to block the patient from infecting others.
△ Restrict the movement of people, △ wash your hands frequently, △ isolating the patient to take care of the medical staff with protective gear.
7. Is there a possibility of developing a vaccine or treatment?
Although it is under study, no vaccine or treatment for the new coronavirus has been developed. Scientists hope that research to develop vaccines during MERS will help.
Chinese scientists use drugs such as antiviral lopinavir and ritonavir to help recover from patients with the new coronavirus infection. These two drugs were used during SARS and MERS.